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Laravel 8 CRUD Operation Step By Step with example

Hello Dev.

Today i will provide example of crud operation in laravel 8. In this articles you will learn laravel 8 crud application with example step by step. This article will give you simple example of build a laravel 8 crud application. Follow bellow article step of laravel 8 crud operation example.this article explain you card operation with code and example.

So, let's start few step to create example of laravel 8 crud application. You just need to follow few step and you will get basic crud stuff using controller, model, route, bootstrap 4 and blade..

In this article, you will learn very basic crud operation with laravel. I am going to show you step by step from scratch so its easy to setup, it will better to understand if you are new on laravel 8.

Step 1 : Install Laravel 8

 First of all we need to get fresh and new Laravel 8 version application using bellow command, now open your terminal OR command prompt and then    fire  bellow command and run it :

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog

 

 Step 2: Configuration of Database

Second step, we configure database like database name, username, password etc for crud application of laravel 8. let's open .env file and fill full details same as bellow :

.env

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=here your database name(blog)
DB_USERNAME=here database username(root)
DB_PASSWORD=here database password(root)

 

Step 3: Create Migration 

Next we are going to create crud application for product. so we have to create migration for "products" table using Laravel 8 php artisan command, so first run bellow command:

php artisan make:migration create_products_table --create=products 

After run this command you will find one file in following path "database/migrations" and you have to put bellow code in your migration file for create products table.

<?php
use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;
class CreateProductsTable extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('products', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->id();
            $table->string('name');
            $table->text('detail');
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }
    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down()
    {
        Schema::dropIfExists('products');
    }
}

Now you have to run this migration by firing command: 

php artisan migrate

 

Step 4: Add Resource Route 

Here, we need to add resource route for product crud application. so open your "routes/web.php" file and add following route.

routes/web.php

use App\Http\Controllers\ProductController; 

Route::resource('products', ProductController::class);

 

Step 5: Add  Controller and Model

In this step, now we should create new controller as ProductController. So run bellow command and create new controller. bellow controller for create resource controller.

php artisan make:controller ProductController --resource --model=Product

After run command you will find new file on the path "app/Http/Controllers/ProductController.php".

In this controller you will create seven methods by default as bellow methods:

1)index()
2)create()
3)store()
4)show()
5)edit()
6)update()
7)destroy()

So, let's copy bellow code and put on ProductController.php file.

app/Http/Controllers/ProductController.php

<?php
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
use App\Models\Product;
use Illuminate\Http\Request; 

class ProductController extends Controller
{
    /**
     * Display a listing of the resource.
     *
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function index()
    {
        $products = Product::latest()->paginate(5);  
        return view('products.index',compact('products'))
            ->with('i', (request()->input('page', 1) - 1) * 5);
    }    
    /**
     * Show the form for creating a new resource.
     *
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function create()
    {
        return view('products.create');
    }  
    /**
     * Store a newly created resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function store(Request $request)
    {
        $request->validate([
            'name' => 'required',
            'detail' => 'required',
        ]);
        Product::create($request->all());    
        return redirect()->route('products.index')
                        ->with('success','Product created successfully.');
    }    
    /**
     * Display the specified resource.
     *
     * @param  \App\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function show(Product $product)
    {
        return view('products.show',compact('product'));
    }     
    /**
     * Show the form for editing the specified resource.
     *
     * @param  \App\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function edit(Product $product)
    {
        return view('products.edit',compact('product'));
    }   
    /**
     * Update the specified resource in storage.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @param  \App\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function update(Request $request, Product $product)
    {
        $request->validate([
            'name' => 'required',
            'detail' => 'required',
        ]);   
        $product->update($request->all());   
        return redirect()->route('products.index')
                        ->with('success','Product updated successfully');
    }   
    /**
     * Remove the specified resource from storage.
     *
     * @param  \App\Product  $product
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function destroy(Product $product)
    {
        $product->delete();
            return redirect()->route('products.index')
                        ->with('success','Product deleted successfully');
    }
}

Ok, so after run bellow command you will find "app/Models/Product.php" and put bellow content in Product.php file:

app/Models/Product.php

<?php 
namespace App\Models;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;  
class Product extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;  
    protected $fillable = [
        'name', 'detail'
    ];
}

 

step 6: Add Blade Files

In last step we have to create just blade files. So mainly we have to create layout file and then create new folder "products" then create blade files of crud app. So finally you have to create following bellow blade file:

1) layout.blade.php
2) index.blade.php
3) create.blade.php
4) edit.blade.php
5) show.blade.php

So let's just create following file and put bellow code.

resources/views/products/layout.blade.php

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Laravel 8 CRUD Application - HDTuto.com</title>
    <link href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/twitter-bootstrap/4.0.0-alpha/css/bootstrap.css" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body>

<div class="container">
    @yield('content')
</div>  

</body>
</html>

resources/views/products/index.blade.php

@extends('products.layout')
@section('content')
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-lg-12 margin-tb">
            <div class="pull-left">
                <h2>Laravel 8 CRUD Example from scratch - meaningarticles.com</h2>
            </div>
            <div class="pull-right">
                <a class="btn btn-success" href="{{ route('products.create') }}"> Create New Product</a>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>  
    @if ($message = Session::get('success'))
        <div class="alert alert-success">
            <p>{{ $message }}</p>
        </div>
    @endif  
    <table class="table table-bordered">
        <tr>
            <th>No</th>
            <th>Name</th>
            <th>Details</th>
            <th width="280px">Action</th>
        </tr>
        @foreach ($products as $product)
        <tr>
            <td>{{ ++$i }}</td>
            <td>{{ $product->name }}</td>
            <td>{{ $product->detail }}</td>
            <td>
                <form action="{{ route('products.destroy',$product->id) }}" method="POST">
                 <a class="btn btn-info" href="{{ route('products.show',$product->id) }}">Show</a>
                    <a class="btn btn-primary" href="{{ route('products.edit',$product->id) }}">Edit</a>  
                    @csrf
                    @method('DELETE')
                    <button type="submit" class="btn btn-danger">Delete</button>
                </form>
            </td>
        </tr>
        @endforeach
    </table>
    {!! $products->links() !!}
@endsection

resources/views/products/create.blade.php

@extends('products.layout') 
@section('content')
<div class="row">
    <div class="col-lg-12 margin-tb">
        <div class="pull-left">
            <h2>Add New Product</h2>
        </div>
        <div class="pull-right">
            <a class="btn btn-primary" href="{{ route('products.index') }}"> Back</a>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
@if ($errors->any())
    <div class="alert alert-danger">
        <strong>Whoops!</strong> There were some problems with your input.<br><br>
        <ul>
            @foreach ($errors->all() as $error)
                <li>{{ $error }}</li>
            @endforeach
        </ul>
    </div>
@endif
<form action="{{ route('products.store') }}" method="POST">
    @csrf
     <div class="row">
        <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
            <div class="form-group">
                <strong>Name:</strong>
                <input type="text" name="name" class="form-control" placeholder="Name">
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
            <div class="form-group">
                <strong>Detail:</strong>
                <textarea class="form-control" style="height:150px" name="detail" placeholder="Detail"></textarea>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12 text-center">
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
        </div>
    </div>
</form>
@endsection

resources/views/products/edit.blade.php

@extends('products.layout')  
@section('content')
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-lg-12 margin-tb">
            <div class="pull-left">
                <h2>Edit Product</h2>
            </div>
            <div class="pull-right">
                <a class="btn btn-primary" href="{{ route('products.index') }}"> Back</a>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    @if ($errors->any())
        <div class="alert alert-danger">
            <strong>Whoops!</strong> There were some problems with your input.<br><br>
            <ul>
                @foreach ($errors->all() as $error)
                    <li>{{ $error }}</li>
                @endforeach
            </ul>
        </div>
    @endif
    <form action="{{ route('products.update',$product->id) }}" method="POST">
        @csrf
        @method('PUT')
            <div class="row">
            <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <strong>Name:</strong>
                    <input type="text" name="name" value="{{ $product->name }}" class="form-control" placeholder="Name">
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
                <div class="form-group">
                    <strong>Detail:</strong>
                    <textarea class="form-control" style="height:150px" name="detail" placeholder="Detail">{{ $product->detail }}</textarea>
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12 text-center">
              <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
            </div>
        </div>
       </form>
@endsection

resources/views/products/show.blade.php

@extends('products.layout') 
@section('content')
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-lg-12 margin-tb">
            <div class="pull-left">
                <h2> Show Product</h2>
            </div>
            <div class="pull-right">
                <a class="btn btn-primary" href="{{ route('products.index') }}"> Back</a>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
            <div class="form-group">
                <strong>Name:</strong>
                {{ $product->name }}
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="col-xs-12 col-sm-12 col-md-12">
            <div class="form-group">
                <strong>Details:</strong>
                {{ $product->detail }}
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
@endsection

Now we are ready to run our crud application example with laravel 8 so run bellow command for quick run:

php artisan serve

Now you can open bellow URL on your browser:

http://localhost:8000/products

You will see layout as like bellow:

List Page:
Add Page:
Edit Page:

I hope it can help you, thanks for visit my articles if you like my article then share with your friend and social platform.